History of Crete
Minoan palaces built 3,500 years ago, Byzantine temples, Venetian and Turkish forts, crystal-clear lacy shores, but also snow-clad mountain tops rising 2,500 meters high. Chestnut and oak forests, exotic palm groves next to beautiful beaches, fertile plains with maturing vines gleaming in the summer sun, hills covered with thousands of olive trees – the wind turning their leaves into a stormy sea. But also ultra-modern tourist resorts offering hospitality and entertainment to millions of visitors, day and night!
Few places in the world have nothing to envy from this magnificent mosaic of tradition, natural beauty and history that is Crete: the island with the oldest European civilization!
A land with an unenslaved soul
Crete is the largest island in Greece and the 5th largest in the Mediterranean. The capital and largest city is Heraklio. Crete is divided into four prefectures: Heraklio, Chania, Lasithi and Rethymno. Running 250 km long, it often makes visitors forget they are on an island. Every year, millions of tourists come to enjoy its beauty, the hospitality of its people, the good weather and the clear waters. It is not surprising that, in recent years, people from all over the world who have visited Crete have decided to make it their home, as they saw in this island the ideal haven where they can relax, have fun, and taste pleasures which most people can only dream of.
One of the first civilizations in Europe flourished in Crete from around 3,000 BC until 1,400 BC. One hundred years
ago, Sir Arthur Evans brought to light the miraculous Minoan civilization and the oldest architectural monument in Europe: the palace of Knossos. Ever since the time of the Minoan civilization, Crete was the apple of discord for all European empires, but also for more recent superpowers which tried to conquer it; the Romans, the Venetians, the Turks and the Germans were only a few in the long list of those who tried to enslave it. Cretans had to fight for their freedom and independence almost throughout their long history. Nevertheless, being skilful warriors and free-spirited by nature, they managed, despite adversities, to become a symbol of freedom and to carry their age-old tradition intact through time.
When you find yourself in Crete, right away you feel that this land has a true soul, that it is a living organism gradually casting its spell over you; an untamed soul springing from virgin nature, its pure products, its age-old and tumultuous history, and, most importantly, from its spontaneous people, who stand ready at all times to welcome you in their home and offer you a treat.
All the while, Crete remains a well-hidden secret and a land open to exploration. No matter where you are on the island, there are endless different routes you may take to get to know it better. Every single one of them holds different surprises and displays constantly alternating images. If there is one thing you can be certain about, it is that Crete offers such diversity that can impress even the most demanding visitor: museums and archaeological sites narrating in their own unique way the island’s tumultuous journey through time; thousands of paths and imposing gorges, but also naked hills and plateaus providing habitat to dozens of birds and animals; romantic atmosphere and picturesque alleys of bygone eras in cities such as Chania and Rethymno; beautiful cosmopolitan beaches, but also more secluded coves, with inviting crystal-clear waters, while, a few miles down the road, dozens of villages insist on their own way of life, preserving their tradition, their language, their manners and customs. Here you will also meet genuine Cretans: people with pride and humour; friendly people, eager to help you wherever they can and offer you a glass of tsikoudia or local wine.